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I’ve read the debates. Also anytime you come across a site with a layout you like copy the source code and when you have time study it to see if you can understand how they did what they did. Very informative article and I hope that it gains some traction so people will stop using so many tables for layout. Fixed. Justin, apparently I named this post well, since the debate never seems to die. This debate has been going on for years. Tables will self adjust to keep the lines aligned. It’s not going to bother me at all. Don’t blame the language. To me, it’s the most pleasing layout shape. There are many more people who don’t have those problems. The crucial difference between the two is that HTML is used for the creation of the webpages and CSS is used to control the styling and layout of web pages. To compare we really need to look at sites that are well developed on both sites. The “best practices” standard for doing web design is to use DIVs for page structure and tables for tabular data only. The argument is about how to structure a web page. I learned by reading the book Eric Meyer on CSS. However, know that the industry has moved on. With browsers having different defaults paddings, etc. When I first learned how to develop a website I learned to build them with tables like so many others. There are a lot of myths propagated by both sides in this debate, but once you cut through most of them the argument really boils down to a few things. Feel free to skip to the Summary if you think you’re comfortable with all the above-mentioned concepts. divs vs tables RIGHT! Just because you didn’t get it working on your site, don’t blame css as though you can’t build a site that works across browsers. Regarding flexibility, I can see your point about how divs/css can make it possible to flip columns around by only making changes to a css file, and have those changes propagate to many files. Times have changed. This allows naturally-flowing content to wrap around the floated element. Let’s see if we can dispel a few myths from each side. I’m still using the spacer.gif to tweak spacing. All the “pro-css” designers I’ve ever worked with have tended to be full of shit, constantly creating new display bugs in production. There are 2 types of css layout Fixed and Fluid layout. Generally, a floated element should have an explicitly set width (unless it is a replaced element, like an image). It wasn’t my intention. You make good points. Feel free to email me if you want. I think your experience is similar to what most people who’ve made the transition from tables to css go through. it is also used to place an element behind another and also useful for scripted animation effect.. You can position an element using the top, bottom, left and right properties. After a week of wandering around the interwebs I still can’t figure out, nor have I found any tutorials, on how to create a header like the one I have, one where there are three colums where the middle expands to fit a wider browser. Now let’s get to some of the myths on both sides that keep this debate going. 1) Easier Site-Wide Changes – CSS proponents claim site-wide changes are easier with CSS because you change one file and boom, it changes on all pages. Whatever works to get the job done you know? Personally I think until we get to the point where we can load a page before someone finishes clicking the link to that page there’s room to improve. Accessibility issues arise more frequently due to excessive coding – ok so this can be attributed to bad coding but it’s such a common issue that it has to be taken into account. (i know there’s gotta be one but that’s almost another argument for CSS over tables… multiple ways you can go about it even). Of course that depends on the developer more than the code itself. Flexbox was designed specifically for one-dimensional layouts, while CSS Grid is engineered to enable two-dimensional layouts. Then there is hours of adjust here, adjust there, view, adjust …. If you need to create a modern site that supports an older browser, CSS imposes huge costs. How is that more maintainable? I think making your structural elements independent is the better option. It is easier with divs, but it can also be done with tables. A div-based layout is: That might not seem like a lot, but just those three things are enough to make a div based approach better to a table based approach. To me it seems so obvious that using divs over tables is the better approach that I have a hard time understanding how someone would argue otherwise. The flexibility is in your html structure. If you’re asking about the latter that’s a good question. Happy Reading! Back in 2003, I gave my presentation, Why tables for layout is stupid, at Seybold (http://blog.hotdesign.com/2008/10/what-is-css/) about the advantages of CSS layouts. CSS (divs) are more accessible – Both tables and divs can be coded to be accessible or inaccessible. I’d have to see the css you’re using to understand why you’re having problems. If the human eye can’t tell any difference, then what’s the point? I mentioned at the start of this post that misinformation spreads on both sides of this debate. The complicated css wasn’t a requirement. However, you can build a great site using tables and a poor site using css. It is in lists of links in one column and descriptions in another column, with more data in a third or forth column. Even that doesn’t work when they are not all exactly the same font size with no “flow”. Thanks! Granted it’s not the kind of change you’re likely to make, but as an example it shows the greater flexibility and control you have in developing with divs. It is often used when the production is to be performed on a large scale whereas in process layout is a type of plant layout wherein like machines are grouped in a single department. I think tables were a great way to layout a website once upon a time. Your email address will not be published. Another new feature will display block-level elements as tables with the help of CSS. Specifically, it would take more than one div to create a row cell structure… so when you need to display data in that structure it’s actually exactly the same amount of html whether you use a table or nested divs. May be my knowledge, however tables work great! I would never develop the site that way, but I know there are people who can. The developer must know CSS and understand the difference between block-level elements and inline elements, when to use floats and when to use absolute positioning and how to solve browser bugs. Required fields are marked *. After-all the 3 column layout with equal height is referred to as the holy-grail in css, enough said! In my scenario, I flip the first and second td elements in a .Net master page. 4) Separation of Style and Content – I guess this one is related #1, ease of updating? Key Difference: The Table tag was initially made to add and control tables in a website. If you find yourself needing hacks then most likely you haven’t thought out your structure all that well. DIV tags are considered the standard method for creating web design layouts by most web designers due to the advantages the DIV tags bring over the TABLE tags. I don’t think search engines really care if you use tables or css for the layout. Your probably right about round pegs and square holes, and I am sorry if you took offence, but the fact that countless people have these issues with css must indicate a lack of continuety with css. My primary UI guy is a CSS ideologue and spends half his time fighting with stylesheets to make it work in every browser. Maybe I’ll have to write a post on styling tables. The purpose of the CSS float property is, generally speaking, to push a block-level element to the left or right, taking it out of the flow in relation to other block elements. The industry is now moving again toward a responsive design workflow. I have an unorthodox, perhaps unstandardized approach to web design. But using tables and styling them completely with CSS is just as effective as CSS alone. It certainly lags behind other browsers, but for the most part IE fro version 7 on is css2 compliant. There are also dozens of other methods I didn’t mention. Very amusing. 3)Stop using Dreamweaver to code websites for God’s sake.Give .NET websites (Aspx) a try,you will be amazed.And,for what you want to be shown in all,you just do a master page.Plus,divs are NOT cross-resolution.You have to add fixed dimensions everywhere,and positions screw up in mobile resolutions. Could you send me a link to the page? CSS Selectors: CSS3 selectors are much advanced in comparison to simple selectors offered by CSS, and are termed as a sequence of easy to use and simple selectors. You can either explicitly set the values when browsers are behaving differently or use a css reset file like the ones from Eric Meyer or Yahoo. Modern CSS - so many layout choices. I never said I prefur tables. The problem is people looked at divs and just mimicked what you could do with a table cell. In this article, you’ll learn how to use CSS position: relative and position: absolute through ample amounts of demos, and learning aids.. CSS position is sometimes considered an advanced topic because it can do things that are somewhat unexpected. As people combat these myths the debate goes on and on combating misinformation while dancing around the central issue. When using CSS positioning, the first thing you need to do is establish the CSS property for the position to tell the browser whether you're going to use absolute or relative positioning for a given element. Outside of some special occasions you should never have to resize a div or it’s margin and padding because you updated the text inside of it. Heavy image use and Flash still seem to be the biggest factors in speed. It has nothing to do with other tools. Laying information out this way is simply more intuitive than floating divs, not from a web standards perspective, but from a “kid puts shapes in the holes” perspective. What I’m trying to figure out is the benefits in using CSS for LAYOUT. The Div tag is not related to the layout and placement of content on a page, but rather the presentation and style application of it. Even though I think css is the better way, I’ve seen some very poor and slow loading css driven sites and some pretty well coded and quick table driven sites. My homepage is currently structured with divs. The thing is, it’s not easier because you’re using tables. I think you hit the nail right on the head with this comment. I had not heard about this controversy, being a WYSIWYG kind of guy. I never broke any of your layouts or created display bugs in whatever you produced. That flow is what needs to be eliminated! Learning how to use Dreamweaver is not the same as learning to write the code. Many people are able to build sites using css as a layout and getting them to work cross-browser including IE without any difficulty. It still ends up being less code than you would use for a similar table based design. By understanding what each method is designed for, you will be in a good place to understand which is the best layout tool for each task you are trying to develop without actually diving into the code. CSS Grid Layout is a CSS layout method developed for the two-dimensional layout of items on a webpage or an application, meaning it can manage both columns and rows. With the 4 methods you’ve got the only that really comes close is the last & it requires more code. I agree to an extent but I have here 2 very good reasons why tables are definately worse for SEO: 1. I’ve linked to this article in a post as part of a project I’m doing on web design styles. With CSS you can greatly improve the appearance your tables. Expected and helps to avoid issues in certain browsers comment seemed to you... Using css for that div when its all done industry moved on from them a long time,... Nesting tables were developing doesn ’ t even have a separate filemakes the site, but more chances for.. 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